GeneAssociated phenotypesInheritanceClinVarHGMD
AGK*Sengers syndrome, Cataract 38AR1827
APTXAtaxia, early-onset, with oculomotor apraxia and hypoalbuminemiaAR1446
AUH3-methylglutaconic aciduriaAR1211
C10ORF2Perrault syndrome, Mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome, Progressive external ophthalmoplegia with mitochondrial DNA deletions, autosomal dominant, 3AR3780
C12ORF65Spastic paraplegia, Combined oxidative phosphorylation deficiencyAR1011
DGUOKMitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome, Portal hypertension, noncirrhotic, Progressive external ophthalmoplegia with mitochondrial DNA deletions, autosomal recessive 4AR2362
FBXL4Mitochondrial DNA depletion syndromeAR5547
MFN2Hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy, Charcot-Marie-Tooth diseaseAD/AR70223
MPV17Mitochondrial DNA depletion syndromeAR3550
MT-ATP6Neuropathy, ataxia, and retinitis pigmentosa, Leber hereditary optic neuropathy, Ataxia and polyneuropathy, adult-onset, Cardiomyopathy, infantile hypertrophic, Leigh syndrome, Striatonigral degeneration, infantile, mitochondrialMitochondrial19
MT-ATP8Cardiomyopathy, apical hypertrophic, and neuropathy, Cardiomyopathy, infantile hypertrophicMitochondrial4
MT-CO1Myoglobinuria, recurrent, Leber hereditary optic neuropathy, Sideroblastic anemia, Cytochrome C oxidase deficiencyMitochondrial17
MT-CO2Cytochrome c oxidase deficiencyMitochondrial8
MT-CO3Cytochrome c oxidase deficiency, Leber hereditary optic neuropathyMitochondrial9
MT-CYBLeber hereditary optic neuropathyMitochondrial69
MT-ND1Mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes, Leber hereditary optic neuropathy, Leber optic atrophy and dystoniaMitochondrial21
MT-ND2Leber hereditary optic neuropathy, Mitochondrial complex I deficiencyMitochondrial6
MT-ND3Leber optic atrophy and dystonia, Mitochondrial complex I deficiencyMitochondrial7
MT-ND4Leber hereditary optic neuropathy, Leber optic atrophy and dystonia, Mitochondrial complex I deficiencyMitochondrial11
MT-ND4LLeber hereditary optic neuropathyMitochondrial2
MT-ND5Myoclonic epilepsy with ragged red fibers, Mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes, Leber hereditary optic neuropathy, Mitochondrial complex I deficiencyMitochondrial19
MT-ND6Mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes, Oncocytoma, Leber hereditary optic neuropathy, Leber optic atrophy and dystonia, Mitochondrial complex I deficiencyMitochondrial16
MT-RNR1Deafness, mitochondrialMitochondrial3
MT-RNR2Chloramphenicol toxicity/resistanceMitochondrial2
MT-TALeber hereditary optic neuropathy, Mitochondrial multisystemic disorder, Progressive external ophthalmoplegia, Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM)Mitochondrial4
MT-TCMitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodesMitochondrial3
MT-TDMitochondrial multisystemic disorderMitochondrial1
MT-TEDiabetes-deafness syndrome, Mitochondrial myopathy, infantile, transient, Mitochondrial myopathy with diabetesMitochondrial5
MT-TFMyoclonic epilepsy with ragged red fibers, Nephropathy, tubulointerstitial, Encephalopathy, mitochondrial, Epilepsy, mitochondrial, Myopathy, mitochondrial, Mitochondrial encephalomyopathy with lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodesMitochondrial7
MT-TGHypertrophic cardiomyopathy, Encephalopathy, MyopathyMitochondrial3
MT-THMitochondrial encephalomyopathy with lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodesMitochondrial4
MT-TIProgressive external ophthalmoplegiaMitochondrial7
MT-TKMyoclonic epilepsy with ragged red fibersMitochondrial5
MT-TL1Cytochrome c oxidase deficiency, Myoclonic epilepsy with ragged red fibers, Mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes, Diabetes-deafness syndrome, Cyclic vomiting syndrome, SIDS, susceptibility toMitochondrial14
MT-TL2Progressive external ophthalmoplegia, Mitochondrial multisystemic disorderMitochondrial5
MT-TMMitochondrial Myopathy, Leigh syndrome, Mitochondrial encephalomyopathy with lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodesMitochondrial1
MT-TNProgressive external ophthalmoplegiaMitochondrial3
MT-TPMitochondrial multisystemic disorderMitochondrial2
MT-TQMitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes, EncephalopathyMitochondrial2
MT-TRDilated cardiomyopathy (DCM)Mitochondrial2
MT-TS1Myoclonic epilepsy with ragged red fibers, Mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodesMitochondrial10
MT-TS2Mitochondrial multisystemic disorderMitochondrial2
MT-TTMitochondrial5
MT-TVMitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodesMitochondrial3
MT-TWLeigh syndrome, Mitochondrial MyopathyMitochondrial8
MT-TYMitochondrial4
NDUFS1Mitochondrial complex I deficiencyAR2228
OPA1Optic atrophy, Optic atrophy 1, Optic atrophy with or without deafness, Ophthalmoplegia, myopathy, ataxia, and neuropathy, Behr synrome, Mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome 14AD/AR96390
OPA3Optic atrophy, 3-methylglutaconic aciduriaAD/AR1315
POLGPOLG-related ataxia neuropathy spectrum disorders, Sensory ataxia, dysarthria, and ophthalmoparesis, Alpers syndrome, Progressive external ophthalmoplegia with mitochondrial DNA deletions, Mitochondrial DNA depletion syndromeAD/AR89290
POLG2Progressive external ophthalmoplegia with mitochondrial DNA deletionsAD514
RRM2BProgressive external ophthalmoplegia with mitochondrial DNA deletions, Mitochondrial DNA depletion syndromeAD/AR4141
SLC25A3Micochondrial phosphate carrier deficiencyAR25
SLC25A4Progressive external ophthalmoplegia with mitochondrial DNA deletions, Mitochondrial DNA depletion syndromeAD/AR1214
SPG7Spastic paraplegiaAR69111
SUCLA2Mitochondrial DNA depletion syndromeAR929
SUCLG1Mitochondrial DNA depletion syndromeAR1228
TIMM8A*Mohr-Tranebjaerg syndrome, Jensen syndrome, Opticoacoustic nerve atrophy with dementiaXL1121
TK2#Mitochondrial DNA depletion syndromeAR3852
TMEM126AOptic atrophyAR31
TYMPMitochondrial DNA depletion syndromeAR8494
WFS1Wolfram syndrome, Deafness, Wolfram-like syndrome, autosomal dominant, Deafness, autosomal dominant 6/14/38, Cataract 41AD/AR69362
GeneAssociated phenotypesInheritanceClinVarHGMD
MT-ATP6Neuropathy, ataxia, and retinitis pigmentosa, Leber hereditary optic neuropathy, Ataxia and polyneuropathy, adult-onset, Cardiomyopathy, infantile hypertrophic, Leigh syndrome, Striatonigral degeneration, infantile, mitochondrialMitochondrial19
MT-ATP8Cardiomyopathy, apical hypertrophic, and neuropathy, Cardiomyopathy, infantile hypertrophicMitochondrial4
MT-CO1Myoglobinuria, recurrent, Leber hereditary optic neuropathy, Sideroblastic anemia, Cytochrome C oxidase deficiencyMitochondrial17
MT-CO2Cytochrome c oxidase deficiencyMitochondrial8
MT-CO3Cytochrome c oxidase deficiency, Leber hereditary optic neuropathyMitochondrial9
MT-CYBLeber hereditary optic neuropathyMitochondrial69
MT-ND1Mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes, Leber hereditary optic neuropathy, Leber optic atrophy and dystoniaMitochondrial21
MT-ND2Leber hereditary optic neuropathy, Mitochondrial complex I deficiencyMitochondrial6
MT-ND3Leber optic atrophy and dystonia, Mitochondrial complex I deficiencyMitochondrial7
MT-ND4Leber hereditary optic neuropathy, Leber optic atrophy and dystonia, Mitochondrial complex I deficiencyMitochondrial11
MT-ND4LLeber hereditary optic neuropathyMitochondrial2
MT-ND5Myoclonic epilepsy with ragged red fibers, Mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes, Leber hereditary optic neuropathy, Mitochondrial complex I deficiencyMitochondrial19
MT-ND6Mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes, Oncocytoma, Leber hereditary optic neuropathy, Leber optic atrophy and dystonia, Mitochondrial complex I deficiencyMitochondrial16
MT-RNR1Deafness, mitochondrialMitochondrial3
MT-RNR2Chloramphenicol toxicity/resistanceMitochondrial2
MT-TALeber hereditary optic neuropathy, Mitochondrial multisystemic disorder, Progressive external ophthalmoplegia, Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM)Mitochondrial4
MT-TCMitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodesMitochondrial3
MT-TDMitochondrial multisystemic disorderMitochondrial1
MT-TEDiabetes-deafness syndrome, Mitochondrial myopathy, infantile, transient, Mitochondrial myopathy with diabetesMitochondrial5
MT-TFMyoclonic epilepsy with ragged red fibers, Nephropathy, tubulointerstitial, Encephalopathy, mitochondrial, Epilepsy, mitochondrial, Myopathy, mitochondrial, Mitochondrial encephalomyopathy with lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodesMitochondrial7
MT-TGHypertrophic cardiomyopathy, Encephalopathy, MyopathyMitochondrial3
MT-THMitochondrial encephalomyopathy with lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodesMitochondrial4
MT-TIProgressive external ophthalmoplegiaMitochondrial7
MT-TKMyoclonic epilepsy with ragged red fibersMitochondrial5
MT-TL1Cytochrome c oxidase deficiency, Myoclonic epilepsy with ragged red fibers, Mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes, Diabetes-deafness syndrome, Cyclic vomiting syndrome, SIDS, susceptibility toMitochondrial14
MT-TL2Progressive external ophthalmoplegia, Mitochondrial multisystemic disorderMitochondrial5
MT-TMMitochondrial Myopathy, Leigh syndrome, Mitochondrial encephalomyopathy with lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodesMitochondrial1
MT-TNProgressive external ophthalmoplegiaMitochondrial3
MT-TPMitochondrial multisystemic disorderMitochondrial2
MT-TQMitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes, EncephalopathyMitochondrial2
MT-TRDilated cardiomyopathy (DCM)Mitochondrial2
MT-TS1Myoclonic epilepsy with ragged red fibers, Mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodesMitochondrial10
MT-TS2Mitochondrial multisystemic disorderMitochondrial2
MT-TTMitochondrial5
MT-TVMitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodesMitochondrial3
MT-TWLeigh syndrome, Mitochondrial MyopathyMitochondrial8
MT-TYMitochondrial4